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Professional Advice on How to Cite Sources in Your Term Paper Properly


Using quotations is the best way to make your term paper stronger without plagiarizing. It’s important to use quotations correctly in order to make your paper look serious and professional. The following recommendations will help you learn how to use quotations in a proper way:

  1. In-text citations.
  2. Of course, you should list all the used sources on a separate page at the end of your paper, but it’s not enough. You should also mention the authors inside your text. You should clearly show your readers which sentences come from certain sources. There are two different ways to do it: using an in-text citation and using a signal phrase. If you want to use a fact or a summary just to support some of your ideas without quoting someone, use an in-text citation. If you want to quote somebody’s words, it’s better to start with a signal phrase.

  3. Summarizing sources.
  4. This method is appropriate if your main purpose is to reveal general ideas and thoughts of any article or book in your term paper. In order to create a successful summary, you shouldn’t directly quote the author. Just write his or her ideas and arguments in your own words. Don’t forget to add in-text citations in order to comply with copyright laws.

  5. Paraphrasing sources.
  6. Paraphrasing isn’t an easy type of quotation because changing some words of the original text is not enough for the correct use of this method. Paraphrasing means to compose totally new sentences. You can use it if the original text is too long or complicated and you want to make it clearer for your readers. You should have a complete understanding of the information provided by the source work in order to cope with the paraphrasing.

  7. Introducing quotes in your paper.
  8. Of course, you cannot just place a quote in any part of your paper. You should introduce it first in order to connect all the sentences of your term paper together. You can use quotations if you want to present an author’s position on your topic, prove your position with the strong arguments of an author, or make a distinction between some views. There are some introductory phrases that can help you tell the audience about the author’s views. They can be, for example, “the author claims that,” “the author believes that,” “according to the author,” etc. You can also begin a sentence with your own words and then add a quotation.

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